(Re)Imagining Belonging in Latin America and Beyond- Day One

Over the next ten years, states are carrying out large-scale registrations in alignment with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which aim to provide more than one billion people around the world with evidentiary proof of their legal and digital existence by 2030.

Held by the Centre for Latin American and Caribbean Studies in collaboration with the Institute on Statelessness and Inclusion, our multidisciplinary symposium ‘(Re)Imagining Belonging in Latin America and Beyond: Access to Citizenship, Digital Identity and Rights’ included the participation of scholars, practitioners, policymakers and legal specialists to examine the impact of contemporary ID practices on the lived experiences of populations in the Americas and further afield.

The conference highlighted the complex and contradictory ways in which Indigenous, Afro-descended, and nonbinary populations, and others, experience ID systems. It underlined how historically many people have already faced widespread discrimination and exclusion from formal citizenship. The event therefore challenged the assumption that the universal provision of documentation will inevitably foment the social, and increasingly, financial inclusion of everyone.

Welcome Address: 
Dr Ainhoa Montoya & Dr Eve Hayes de Kalaf, Centre for Latin American and Caribbean Studies (CLACS), Institute of Modern Language Studies (IMLR), School of Advanced Study, University of London

Panel 1: Nation-Building, National Identities and Belonging in the Americas
Chair: Professor Peter Wade, University of Manchester
Speakers: Shirley Llain Arenilla, Dr Olga Lidia Saavedra Montes de Oca, Jade Roberts


  • Nation-building, Race and Immigration in the Evolution of Post-Colonial Nationality Regimes in Hispanic-America: The Case of Colombia
    Shirley Llain Arenilla, University of Leicester/Universidad del Norte (Colombia)
  • From Saviour Citizens to Traitors: An Exploration of National Identity and Belonging through Cuban Healthcare Professionals
    Olga Lidia Saavedra Montes de Oca, Centre for Latin American and Caribbean Studies (CLACS)
  • Manufacturing Foreigners: The Law and Politics of Transforming Citizens into Migrants 
    Jade Roberts, Peter McMullin Centre on Statelessness, University of Melbourne

Panel 2: Unlocking Citizenship Rights: Indigenous, Afro-Descendant and Religious Identities
Chair: Shodona Kettle, UCL Institute of the Americas/San Francisco University of Quito
Speakers: Dr América Nicte-Ha López Chávez, Rayanne de Sales Lima, Dr Manoela Carpenedo


  • Indigenous and Afro-Mexicans of Guerrero, Mexico: Political Struggles, Similarities and Differences
    América Nicte-Ha López Chávez, Department of Sociology, University of Cambridge
  • To be, or not to be Indigenous, that is the Brazilian Question
    Rayanne de Sales Lima, Federal University of Minas Gerais/Brazilian Federal Agency for Indigenous Policy (Fundação Nacional do Índio – Funai
  • Imagined Communities, Religious Revivals, and emerging crypto Jewish Identities among Evangelicals: the case of the Judaizing Evangelicals in Brazil
    Manoela Carpenedo, Centre for Latin American and Caribbean Studies (CLACS)

Panel 3: Challenges to Legal Definitions of Status
Chair: Professor Amanda Flaim, James Madison College of Public Affairs, Michigan State University
Speakers: Agustin Grandez Mariño & Lucia Santos, Dr Antonia Wimbush, Veronica Overlid


  • The Recognition of Gender Identity and Non-Binary Identities in Peru
    Agustin Grandez Mariño & Lucia Santos, Legal Clinic in Identity Rights of the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú
  • Diasporic Citizenship(s) and Contested Identities in the Anglophone and Francophone Caribbean: From Windrush to the BUMIDOM
    Antonia Wimbush, Leverhulme Early Career Fellow, Department of Modern Languages and Cultures, University of Liverpool
  • Mobility as resistance – challenging the legal definition of a refugee through “the migrant caravans” from Central America
    Veronica Overlid, Carleton University

Keynote: Contesting Belonging in the Region of Birthright Citizenship(s): Marginalized Populations in the Americas
Professor Wendy Hunter, Professor of Government at the University of Texas–Austin

Centre for Latin American and Caribbean Studies (CLACS)
Event date: 
Wednesday, 23 June 2021 - 12:00pm