The rescue excavations at Faliron are carried out by the Ephorate of West Attica, Piraeus and the Islands since 2012 at the area, where the Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Center (SNFCC) is being built to host a new national opera house and Greece’s National Library.
The site was used as a cemetery for many centuries, as early as the Late Geometric period until Classical period (late 8th century B.C. – 4th century B.C.). Though, the Archaic period of the necropolis seems the most interesting not only because most of the burials are dated to that period but also because vessels and other offerings will contribute to a new understanding of the archaic pottery of Attica.
Since the beginning of the excavations, burials of individuals having suffered a violent death were found all around the site. A carefully constructed stratigraphy indicates that most of them belong to the archaic phase of the cemetery and fewer to the classical one. The group of 80 dead having iron bonds to their hands that brought to light on March 2016 could be dated at the 7th century B.C., more precisely the years 650 - 625 B.C.
The anthropological study can lead us eventually to interesting connections at a quite turbulent time in Athens’ history.
British School at Athens/ICS Autumn Lecture